Tulja Bhavani

Navratri – Religious Significance and Puja Vidhi

Navratri is a festival popularly known as the festival of dance and worship. The term Navaratri literally means nine nights in Sanskrit; Nava meaning Nine and Ratri significance nights. During these nine nights and days, nine forms of Shakti/Devi i.e. female divinity are worshipped. The nine-day festival of Navratri is held in honor of the two manifestations of Goddess Durga.
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The religious significance behind the celebration of Navratri is that the nine days are divided and devoted to the Trinity of God worshipped in a female form.

In Hindu mythology the festival is hugely famous across the world as the victory of goodness over evil as the Goddess Shakti (Maa Durga) murdered buffalo – headed demon, Mahishasura following a long battle of nine days and night around the tenth day, which is celebrated as Vijaya Dashmi Such adoration into Mother Goddess is unique to Hinduism.Also dusshera is celebrated on precisely the same day as Lord Rama with the blessings of Maa Durga has won over Ravana. The festival also marks the coming of winter season, a period when nature experiences several climatic changes. Goddess Shakti in the nine kinds, Maa Shailputri, Maa Brahmachaarini, Maa Chandraghanta, Maa Kushmaanda, Skanda Maa, Maa Kaatyayani, Maa Kaalratri, Maa Mahagauri and Maa Sidhidaarti is worshipped during those two days for good heath, wealth, prosperity, knowledge and auspiciousness.

Rituals for acting Puja during Navratri

Navratri puja is extremely simple and not very complex. An individual can easily observe the fast; even though one can’t observe the fast that he can easily recite mantra “Om Ang Haring Kalimg Shreeng Maha Durgay Namah”. An individual must carefully work upon his/her aahar (meals), vyavhaar (behavior) and acharan (character) throughout the time of Navratri.
Aahar – One should always avoid non vegetarian foods and “Satvik” food like fruits, Kutu Ka Aata, Singara Ka Aata, Curd and Potatoes should be consumed. Utilization of Onion and Garlic should be avoided.
Vyavhaar and Acharan – During Navratri festival all of devotees should worship the female deity with spiritual emotion (bhav)

Here is the method for performing Navratri Puja

Get your home cleaned and prepared. You’re inviting Goddess to the home. Usually this is achieved on the Amavasya, a day prior to the start of Navratri.

On the first day of this Navaratri, a little bed of mud (obtained from some other auspicious place) is ready in the puja room of the house and barley seeds are sown over it. On this Bed a Kalash manufactured from Earthen/ Copper is maintained and full of water. Over the pot a bowl full of rice is retained. A sterile Coconut wrapped with mango leaves is subsequently kept over this kalash. This Kalash is believed to be a symbolic form of Goddess Durga. By maintaining kalash a single invocates the goddess in the Kalash.

On the very first day, the shoots are about 3 – 5 inches in length. After the puja, these seedlings are pulled out and given to devotees as a blessing from god. This Kalash must not be touched during the nine days. One diya is lit near to the Kalash which is assumed to burn endlessly for fourteen days. This is known as Akhand Jyoti.
Lots of folks believe that the length of the Shoots decides the Quantum of income which they will have in forthcoming months. This belief could have been because India is basically an agrarian economy wherein the productivity of the land determined one’s income.


The day begins with a recital of Sanskrit hymns by the devotees; they provide prayer to the goddess. Kumari Puja or the worship of small girls as the mother goddess is a distinctive portion of these rituals observed in several of conventional and family pujas.


The festival of Navratri culminates in Mahanavami. On this day Kanya Puja is performed. Exotic young women representing the nine forms of Goddess Durga are worshiped. Their feets are washed as a sign of respect for the Goddess and then they are offered food mainly consisting of kala chana, halwa and poori along with coconut bits and dakshina (currency) and Red chunri is offerd to the kanjaks.

Vijaya Dashami

After the nine days of Puja, on Dashami, the final day also known as Vijaya Dashami, the pictures of Goddess Durga are carried in processions round the area by the devotees and eventually are located in a nearby river or lake.

Colors of Navratri

Durga Navratri is the most sacred and most celebrated festival season in India that has a unique tradition of colours. Colours also play a very important role in this festival. People should select colors according to every aspect of Devi. The colors represent the nine avatars or incarnations or signs of Goddess Durga Maa.

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