Dynamic Routing Protocols and Alternate Paths

All Protocols

There are several protocols that can be used for dynamic routing. Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is a distance-vector routing protocols that prevents routing loops by implementing a limit on the number of hops allowed in a path from source to destination. Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) uses a link state routing(LSR) algorithm and falls into the group of interior gateway protocols (IGPs). Intermediate System to Intermediate System (IS-IS) determines the best route for data through a packet-switched network. Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP) and its advanced form Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) are used by routers to exchange routing data within an autonomous system.

Alternate paths

Many systems use some next-hop forwarding protocol—when a packet arrives at some node, that node decides on-the-fly which link to use to push the packet one hop closer to its final destination.

Routers that use some adaptive protocols, such as the Spanning Tree Protocol, in order to “avoid bridge loops and routing loops“, calculate a tree that indicates the one “best” link for a packet to get to its destination. Alternate “redundant” links not on the tree are temporarily disabled—until one of the links on the main tree fails, and the routers calculate a new tree using those links to route around the broken link.

Routers that use other adaptive protocols, such as grouped adaptive routing, find a group of all the links that could be used to get the packet one hop closer to its final destination. The router sends the packet out any link of that group which is idle. The link aggregation of that group of links effectively becomes a single high-bandwidth connection.

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E-Lins Technology was established in 1999, which is the leading professional manufacturer and solution provider in wireless M2M/IoT/In-Vehicle. E-Lins’ products dual sim 4g router, industrial 4g modem, gsm router 4g, 4g router with lan port, 4g router with ethernet, etc. are manufactured in-house.

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